Built around the old Ihalor hill, from where it takes its name, the city was founded by King James II of Mallorca in the year 1304. The Santa Eulalia Parrish, today's local patron saint, already existed before.
The church of Eulalia, which stands above the town, is the first image one gets upon arriving into Alaior. The main structure of the building was rebuilt in the 17th century and inspired by Baroque, within the interior of the church you can view the Rosario Alter (Capilla del Rosario) and the San Pedro arches. Leading away from the church you have the Munt l'Angel Park, an elevated viewing point and quite a good perch to view the town and surrounding area.
Other buildings of interest include Sa Lluna patio, an old Franciscan cloister, the Can Salort Palace, the Ermita de Sant Pere and its tree lined park, the windmills of D'en John Mill and D'en Pujol Mill, the water wells and the elegantly preserved house fronts.
There are two cultural centres in Alaior, Rotger and San Diego, both exhibit cultural information about Alaior and its heritage.Industry wise, Alaior is the birthplace of the Minorcan Cheese (Queso de Menorca) which is exported to European and American markets. From the strong dairy background it’s not surprising to note that there is a good dairy based industry here, milk, creams, homemade sausages, ice creams and shoe manufacturing is an all important local industries. All the factories have shops open to the public.
Around the county of Alaior there are several hiking and riding routes, such as the route that leads from the Ermita de San Llorenç to Binixems. Please check your local map.